Why pay to ventilate, light and cool buildings? – most of these resources are available free of charge to cleverly designed internal spaces. A keen eye for design, familiarity with the concepts of passive engineering and using tools & techniques to analyse daylighting, ventilation and thermal transfer can really pay off in the finished product.

Thermal mass, the placement and size of windows, screening from wind, shading, opening devices and specification of glazing and thermal elements along with the principles of building massing are all carefully considered, analysed and implemented.